Gardening

Aromatic Plants for the Garden: Complete Guide with Photos

Today we will talk about the association of horticulturalists with aromatic and medicinal plants . We will see what aromatic plants are for in the garden and some examples of aromatic plants for the garden .

What are aromatic plants for in the garden?

The herbs are basic ingredients in the kitchen and many of them are herbs with medicinal properties .

Most of the aromatic plants for the garden are very showy and, in addition to giving a touch of color , they  serve to attract beneficial pollinators for the garden .

In addition, it is interesting to plant aromatics in the organic garden because many of them can enhance the growth and flavor of vegetables  or repel pests and diseases  due to the phytochemicals they contain.

How to plant aromatics in the garden

There are several ways to place aromatic plants in the garden . The first option would be to sow aromatics intercropped or associated with the crops (later we will see with which crops the aromatics combine well and why).

In this case, aromatics can be used to repel crop pests. Basil or mint, for example, are examples of aromatic plants that are interspersed with horticultural plants to ward off harmful insects.

Another option, to facilitate the collection, is to plant the aromatics from the garden in separate pots or on a separate terrace .

In addition, we can plant aromatic plants on the edges, around the terraces as part of the hedges and borders for the garden , an option that is also very successful with benefits for the organic garden.

Examples of aromatic plants for the garden

The aromatic ones are usually easy to grow, not very demanding in terms of watering or the substrate,  and can be planted in pots or planters .

Next we will see some aromatic and medicinal plants useful in the garden for different reasons.

Basil

Basil has a general repellent effect against pests and also enhances the growth of all vegetables . It is especially useful in the fight against tomato  and pepper pests , and greatly enhances its flavor, hence this is one of the best known associations of vegetables with aromatics.

Basil can be planted at the end of tomato or pepper rows and will help prevent pests such as aphids from approaching. Together they will give a very special aroma to the garden (these vegetables also combine well in salads: tomato and basil together are a real delight).

In addition, this aromatic has medicinal properties  and is basic in the kitchen  (the Italian  pesto sauce, for example,  is made from basil). The basil gives a touch of color to the garden and also to our dishes. There are varieties of purple or purple color that are very attractive, like the one you can see in the photo.

Cilantro

It has antibacterial and fungicidal properties , so it works very well to prevent fungi in the garden

Its culinary use is widespread , especially in Asian cuisine. This spice is used to make, for example, Mexican curry or guacamole. Another interesting aspect is that it is a plant with edible flowers .

Hyssop

Like other flowering plants, this is one of the aromatic plants that attract pollinating insects such as bees, very beneficial for the garden.

In addition, the Hispo favors the presence of another insect beneficial, the sirphid or sírfida fly , used in biological pest control because it is the aphid predator, one of the most damaging insects to the garden.

Lavender

Lavender has an important pollinating effect as it attracts bees, which are  very beneficial in the garden. In addition, it is repellent against many pest insects such as carrot and cabbage flies, aphids and ants.

It is very showy and useful in garden hedges , as it will add color and cover the lower part of the hedges . You can also cut it and use it to make pretty, fragrant centerpieces or decorative flower bouquets.

The healing properties of lavender are also well known in traditional medicine.

Yarrow

Like hyssop, yarrow or achillea attracts the syrphid fly, whose larvae eat aphids, so it will be very interesting to have it in the garden to prevent an infestation of this aphid.

In general, it increases the resistance to diseases produced by microorganisms in garden plants, and also helps to enhance their flavor and fragrance when grown with vegetables.

Mint

It is one of the best known aromatic plants. It is very similar to peppermint . Both, with a very characteristic refreshing taste, are widely used as a  condiment in the kitchen , especially in sauces to accompany meats, and also in infusions and other drinks (who does not like the delicious touch of mint in the «mojito» ). You can also simply chew its leaves while you work in the garden, it will be something like having a  “gum” of natural mint.

In the garden it is very well associated with lettuce, tomato and cabbage . In addition, it protects the cabbage from some pests , thus enhancing its flavor and growth .

Sage

In addition to its very important medicinal properties  and its widespread culinary use especially in Italian cuisine, it is useful in the garden as a good repellent for insects that can become pests, such as carrot and cabbage flies, aphids, caterpillars, snails or the potato beetle .

You must be careful not to plant sage in very shady and humid areas as it can be affected by fungi.

Other useful aromatic herbs in the garden

Other aromatic flowers for the garden that are used to repel pests and as a condiment in the kitchen are: borage, calendula, chives, dill, spearmint, bay leaf, lemon balm, oregano, parsley, rosemary, thyme …

In addition to these, there are many other aromatics for the garden. Surely you know more uses or know of other aromatics that we have not talked about, so if you can think of more options for useful plants for the garden, you can leave your contributions in the comment thread below.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba