Characteristics and care of Leucospermum cordifolium or Yellow Protea

Leucospermum cordifolium  also known as Yellow Protea, Pin cushion or Pin . It belongs to the Protaceae family, being native to the Cape Province in South Africa.

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Leucospermum cordifolium characteristics

Plant that reaches a height of 90 cm to 1.5 m. It is formed by woody stems that extend to form a tall and wide bush.

The leaves are suboposed, simple, ovate to lanceolate, with a crenate or lobed edge, leathery in consistency and greenish in color.

The flowers appear in groups of 2 to 3 terminal inflorescences, erect, yellow, without petals, tube-shaped calyx, rolled styles and the thickened terminal stigma that gives a pin-like appearance and, therefore, the whole simulates a pincushion. It blooms in late spring and early summer.

The fruit is a hard nut.

Leucospermum cordifolium care

It is a species  that is used in gardening outdoors thanks to its appearance, or in a pot inside.

It needs to be in full sun for it to develop better. It does not support frost.

As for the terrain, it needs a loose, acidic and well-drained soil.

Watering should be moderate in times of heat and flowering. Although it is worth mentioning that it is a drought resistant plant.

Pruning can be done to order the branches.

It is very sensitive to the fungal disease Phytophthora cinnamomeum.

It is propagated by means of seeds or cuttings.


  • The plants have a relatively short life and become long after about 8 years.
  • The seeds are collected by ants, which they store in the ground and germinate after having suffered high temperatures.
  • It is a specimen that is on the red list of South African plants as threatened by habitat loss, due to exotic plants and agriculture

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