Lemon tree diseases: yellow leaves, brown spots …

Hello to all gardeners! In today’s article we are going to learn a little more about lemon tree diseases . To do this, we will focus on observing what are the main symptoms that we can observe in trees and, once these symptoms have been identified, find out who is the culprit.

In this way, the goal will be to have lemons as healthy as the ones I show you in this photo:

1. Lemon tree diseases: leaves and fruits

Most of the lemon tree diseases that we are going to show you in the article are caused by fungi. However, there are other very important diseases transmitted by some insects such as aphids (especially viral diseases) that can cause serious damage to our lemons. We will show you the damage that insects or other arthropods can cause to fruit trees in the next articles.

Yellow sheets

Sometimes if we look closely, the leaves of our tree have yellow spots . These yellow spots can be larger or smaller. For example, we can often see small yellow spots that progress to darker spots. Normally every time a stain evolves in this way it is a fungus. In this case it could be Cercosporiosis , as shown in the next photo.

In addition to the yellow leaves , sometimes we can see leaves of a darker color, almost black. In this case, the disease is known as Anthracnose  and can be caused by a fungus called Colletotrichum limetticolum.

Wrinkled sheets

Sometimes we can see that our trees have wrinkled leaves . These symptoms can be due to various reasons, among which are: fungal infections, viruses, bacteria, leaf miners (usually caterpillars) or lack of nutrients. To know what the cause is in each case, we must examine how these symptoms evolve.

Lemons with brown spots

If one day you look at your lemon tree and see that they have brown spots on their skin, it could be due to several things. One of the main causes can be a fungus called Alternaria. Around 20% of agricultural losses are caused by this fungus. It is advisable to avoid lesions on the skin of lemons since these wounds are ideal for fungi to enter.

There may also be other types of discoloration caused by an insect or mite, such as Tetranychus urticae .

2. Problems in the peel of the lemon tree

The bark of the trunk and branches of the tree can suffer from various diseases mainly caused by viruses and bacteria . Among the most common symptoms is the appearance of a kind of rubber or resin , the detachment of the bark, the drying of the branches, etc.

Gummed rind: sticky lemon tree branch

On occasion we can see a kind of gum or resin on the bark of the lemon tree, especially at the base of the trunk. This may be because the tree’s roots are rotten due to a fungus called Phytophthora . This disease can also affect the branches of the tree as we can see in the following image:

Damaged bark

Other lemon tree diseases can be caused by viruses . In this case we can see how the bark of the tree begins to dismember. This type of disease can be known as «sadness», they cause a reduction in production and sometimes the death of the tree. To treat diseases related to viruses and especially to avoid them, it is recommended to use healthy material.

As in the previous case, the branches can also be affected.

3. How to fight lemon tree diseases

Once we know which are the main diseases of the lemon tree, we must learn to combat them. However, as you already know, it is much more important to » prevent than to cure «. Here is a list of some tips that will help us to prevent this type of disease from appearing in our trees:

  • Choose resistant varieties
  • Avoid planting the tree on very hard ground
  • Try not to cause injuries with the machinery
  • Avoid excess water at the base of the trunk
  • Drip irrigation works better than sprinklers as it prevents excess moisture near the trunk
  • Remove the affected parts
  • Disinfect the material and machinery before carrying out any treatment

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