Gardening

Red Bugs on Plants: Complete Guide with Photos

Hello gardeners! How is the mission to control pests in the garden going? Today, I am going to tell you about the main red bugs that we can find, how to identify them and learn to control them. Some of them, like ladybugs, are beneficial and we will teach you how to raise them at home.

Red bugs on plants

The bugs belong to the order Hemiptera and are characterized by cross resting wings. Their mouthparts are biting-sucking and they can be phytophages, predators or parasites.

The best prevention will be to respect the crop calendar, planting frames and necessary rotations. However, once installed we can use treatments based on potassium soap or neem oil .

If we talk about red bugs , we cannot forget bed bugs due to the great variety of species that are of this color. Here are the most important ones:

Cabbage bug

This species of bedbug mainly attacks crucifers. Little yellow circles form on the leaves of the plants due to the bites it makes. In summer it is lighter in color than in winter.

Dotted bug

If we find a bug with little points, it is undoubtedly  Graphosoma semipunctatum.

Tree mallow, cobbler or San Antonio bug

The most characteristic thing about this bug is its gregarious nature (hundreds of shoemakers can be together). However, its damage is not very serious for crops. It should be noted its special taste for some mallow seeds and they can affect cauliflower or cabbage among others.

Field bug

We must not confuse it with the previous species. To differentiate one from the other, it should be noted that this species has a white dot in the middle of the membrane. It mainly affects species such as sorghum and sesame.

Striped bug

Both the spotted bug and the striped bug have these colors and shapes to warn predators of their bad taste. It can be differentiated well by the stripes that it presents all over its body.

Red ants on plants

The red ants , also known as fire ants are not really worrying for our crops, but the same as black ants can cause damage indirectly attracting other insects such as aphids.

Red spider or red mite

Although it is known as a spider mite , it is a species of mite. Remember that we should not confuse mites with insects . Mites have 8 legs, unlike insects that have 6. They tend to be generalists and mainly affect the vine, horticultural or ornamental crops. They are located on the underside of the leaves and are identified by presenting dark spots on the sides and a large amount of silks.

As for its control, I leave you a link where we explain how to combat the red spider in the orchard .

One of the best known species is  Tetranychus urticae.

Beneficial Red Bugs: Ladybugs

Ladybugs belong to the coccinellidae family (order: Coleoptera). They are a type of insects well known for their characteristic red color and their small black dots. Apart from walking through our fingers, ladybugs are considered one of the main natural enemies when feeding on insects that are harmful to our garden. Therefore, a good idea to fight against aphids, whiteflies or mites pests is to release ladybugs in our garden. If you are in an area where there are no ladybugs, we leave you the link of a video from AgrohuertoTV where two colleagues explain how to make a fantastic ladybug hatchery .

However, the ladybug does not present the same appearance throughout its life. The eggs are characterized by being yellow and elongated. Larvae hatch from the eggs (they also eat aphids), often with hairs or spines. Next, it passes to the pupal stage (obtained) in leaves and finally, to its best known state, which is the adult stage. I leave you a photo of its biological cycle so that you become familiar with its other states:

If your problem is not the red bugs but other colors can have a look at other articles on:  green bugs , bugs white and bugs on earth .

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