Indoor plants

Philodendron

The tree-friendly plant

The name of the philodendron, philodendron, comes from the Greek, and literally means friend of the trees. This happens because this plant, which is of tropical origin and belongs to the Araceae family, has aerial roots at the height of the nodes, so in nature it often grows clinging to tree trunks. In fact, at home, it is usually made to cling to supports covered with moss. It must be specified, however, that not all of its varieties have this characteristic: only some are epiphytic, that is, they need to cling to a vertical element. The philodendron also produces flowers and fruits, but the cultivated varieties emit them only rarely. Its most evident feature are the large leaves, very robust and extremely decorative.


In nature, and also, consequently, among the apartment varieties, there are many different types of philodendron, which are distinguished above all by the shape and color of the leaves, and by the nature or not of epiphytic plant. When they produce flowers, but as we said it is a truly unique event that is rare, they are characterized by an external spathe, that is a white leaf, with an internal vertical inflorescence. The fruit looks like pineapple, and tastes like it. Here are some of the main varieties of philodendron: – Philodendron Scandens, is one of the most popular in apartments. It has heart-shaped leaves and climbs on a support. – Philodendron Hastatum; it takes its name from the fact that the leaves look like the spears used by Roman soldiers, and have a light green color. – Philodendron Erubescens;

How to grow the philodendron


The philodendron is not a plant that requires special care, nor a strong green thumb. In fact, his needs are quite elementary and easy to satisfy. For one thing, it loves the light very much, but not the direct sun which could burn its leaves. It hardly tolerates the cold: already at temperatures below 13 degrees it suffers. For this it is an ideal houseplant, where it always finds a favorable climate. In pot, it needs a peaty soil, at the base of which clay shards should be placed to make the soil draining and avoid water stagnation. The philodendron of altrocanto needs abundant and frequent watering in summer: the earth should never remain dry. In winter, on the other hand, watering can be reduced. A good habit is to sprinkle the leaves with rain water.

Philodendron: Fertilizer, pruning, philodendron diseases


If the philodendron is grown in pot, this must be changed once a year until reaching the maximum diameter of 50 cm. The best time to repot is between February and March. As for the fertilizer, it should be given at least once every three weeks in spring and summer. A liquid fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, must be used. To take care of the leaves, it is better to avoid the polishes that are on the market: just remove the dust with a damp cloth. Even if the philodendron is attacked by parasites, such as the cochineal or the red spider, the best way to eradicate them is to wash the leaves using cotton soaked in alcohol or soap. The philodendron does not have to be pruned, it is sufficient to remove the leaves that are now old or dead.

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