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Fig tree

Ficus tree

Did you know? One of the largest plants in Italy is the Ficus macrophylla subsp. columnaris, inside the Garibaldi Garden in Palermo: it is 30 meters high, its trunk measures over 21 meters in circumference and the crown has a diameter of 50 meters. These plants are native to tropical and subtropical countries, in particular Southeast Asia, India and China. Due to their origin they are quite delicate. All the plants belonging to the Moraceae family share one characteristic: the presence, within their tissues, of «laticiferous canals» which contain a sticky, dense, whitish latex that probably the plants secrete to defend themselves from predators. Some species of Ficus produce a latex from which a good quality rubber is obtained,

Fig tree, peculiarity


The plants of the genus Ficus have a peculiarity: they live in symbiosis with their pollinating insect, think that the plant produces «special» fruits, to feed the animal and it is not able to survive in another environment. fig this is the only way to reproduce since in swarming its insect carries the pollen with it, transmitting it to other fig plants.In the case of Ficus carica the pollinating insect is the Blastophaga psenes a small wasp belonging to the Agaonidae family that begins the its life cycle on the wild fig and ends on the domestic one.In truth, the Ficus carica, the domestic fig, has undergone so many manipulations and hybridizations throughout history that there are cultivars capable of producing fruit even without pollination.

Cultivation of Fig-1


As for the domestic fig tree, if you are new to gardening it is the species for you; if you are a good gardener, you have probably already done it in the past. The fig is a very rustic plant: it adapts to all types of soil, it does not require special attention, but this does not mean that it is «stingy», rather its fruiting it is abundant. Its slow ripening, then, in your garden is a help: you can collect the figs as the plant produces them and enjoy them day by day, without having to do quick harvests, before the fruits rot or if they eat them. wasps … It can be grown from sea level up to 1000 meters above sea level. It accepts clayey soils, as well as loose ones and makes no fuss if they are arid or poorly fertilized.

Fig tree: Cultivation of Fig-2


The only drawback in the cultivation of this plant is the temperature: it gives it problems when it is around -10 ° C. Mind you: it can also be grown in regions with cold winters, with a little attention; how to plant it in a place where it is sheltered from the winds and facing south. A position that will also help to have tasty fruits. Its maximum dimensions are around 8, even 10 meters, with a very branched and enlarged crown. The leaves have different shapes, usually they are palmate, with three or more lobes; medium or large (Adam and Eve also used them …) The fruits also vary: the shape can be pear-shaped, flattened or round; the color varies from white to green, to purplish red.Potatelo when young, to give it the shape you want and then a little in summer, to air the hair. In short, a fig tree ….

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