Fruit trees

Eugenia myrtifolia (Syzygium paniculatum)

There are plants that, in addition to being beautiful, can be very useful to us. A clear example is the horticultural, that is, those that are usually grown in gardens. Within this group there are many known species, but also others that are interesting to discover, such as Eugenia myrtifolia.

This is a fantastic tree suitable for areas where the climate is warm or even temperate that produces edible fruits of a very showy color. Get to know it.

Origin and characteristics of Eugenia myrtifolia

Image – Flickr/ John Tann

Our protagonist is an evergreen tree native to Australia, where it lives in humid forests that enjoy a temperate climate. Its current scientific name is Syzygium paniculatum, so the former, Eugenia myrtifolia, has become a synonym. It is popularly known as a magenta cherry, which refers to the color that its fruit can acquire.

It reaches a maximum height of 15 meters, with a thin trunk of up to 35 centimeters, which makes it perfect to have in medium gardens. The leaves are opposite, 3-9cm long, more or less obovate in shape, dark green on the upper side and lighter on the underside. The flowers are white and are grouped in clusters, and the fruits are more or less elongated, usually magenta in color, but they also appear white, pink or even purple.

What are their cares?

If you dare to have a copy, we recommend providing the following care:


The magenta cherry is a plant that has to be outside. The right place will be one where it receives direct sunlight all day, although it can adapt and grow well in semi-shade.

Although it does not have invasive roots, if you want to have it in the garden it is important that it be at a distance of about 4-5 meters from walls and others, in order for it to grow normally.


  • Pot: it is advisable to fill it with substrate for urban garden since it is rich in organic matter and has good drainage. But it would also be valid to use universal substrate, mulch, or compost if it is mixed with 30% perlite, claystone or similar.
  • Garden: The garden soil should be equally fertile, well drained.


Image – Wikimedia/ John Tann

Irrigation is one of the most difficult tasks for anyone to master. It is not just pouring water: it is much more. If it is watered excessively, the roots will rot, and on the contrary if it is watered little, they will dry out. Likewise, if the aerial part (leaves, stems, flowers) gets wet and at that moment the sun is giving them, burns will appear immediately.

When and how should Eugenia myrtifolia be watered ? Well, the frequency will depend on the climate: the warmer and drier, the more often the waterings will have to be. During the summer it may be necessary about 3 weekly waterings, but the rest of the year it will be watered less since the soil takes longer to lose moisture.

Water must be added to the soil or substrate, not to the leaves or flowers.


It has to be paid from early spring to late summer with a regular supply of compost, mulch or other organic fertilizer. Remember that its fruits are edible, so it is better to use natural products and not compounds (chemicals). If you choose to use the latter, read and respect the indicated safety period, since this way you will know when to collect and consume the fruits without taking risks.


The Eugenia myrtifolia is multiplied by seeds in spring. For this, it is interesting to first place them in a glass of water for 24 hours to hydrate, and then sow them in seedbeds (pots, milk or yogurt containers,…) with soil rich in organic matter that facilitates the rapid drainage of water, like the substrate for seedlings for example.

Planting or transplanting time

In spring, when the risk of frost has passed. If you have it in a pot, move it to a bigger one every 2 or 3 years, when you see roots coming out of the drainage holes.


You don’t really need it, but remove all those dead, diseased, or weak branches in late winter. This way, it will look prettier .

You can also take advantage to trim the branches that are growing too much, especially if you have it in a pot.


It resists frosts down to -7ºC.

What uses is given to Eugenia myrtifolia ?

Image – Wikimedia/ Alejandro Bayer Tamayo


As we have seen, it is a decorative plant and quite easy to care for. It can be grown in a pot or in the garden, even as a bonsai.


Its fruits are edible, whose acid taste similar to that of apples. So they can be served as a dessert, or eaten as a snack.

And if you prefer, you can make jams with them .

What did you think of this plant? Did you know her?

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