15 Types and Varieties of Most Famous and Delicious Grapes

Worldwide, around 10,000 to 20,000 thousand varieties of grapes have been cataloged. It is estimated that some 13 varieties are those that occupy around a third of the total area of ​​the vineyards.

The success of the existing wine varieties on the market will largely depend on the dedication of the vine crop farmer, as well as good pruning, irrigation, fertilization, anti-plague treatments and the use of high-tech and high-quality strains. National and international.

Characteristics that identify the quality of the resulting wines will be obtained from these grape varieties, which can be produced with one or more grapes capable of giving the aroma, body and color of the wine.

In the case of Spain, many traditional varieties are preserved that, although they are now made with modern techniques, the primary value of the fruit is still respected. Such is the case of red Garnacha, Graciano, Listan Negro, Verdejo, Godello, Albariños, among others.

The total number of varieties identified in the so-called Vineyard survey carried out by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture shows the existence of up to 176 varieties of grapes used to make wine, but also table grapes or musts.

But there are also the so-called international varieties, identified with the Cabernet Sauvignon, belonging to one of the most widely planted species on the planet, occupying 5% of the world’s wine -growing area, equivalent to some 340,000 hectares.

Then, they follow in order of importance: the Sultanina variety, with around 300,000 hectares planted, Merlot, with 260,000 hectares, Tempranillo, with 231,000 hectares and Airén, with 218,000, followed by a very particular crop of the Kyoho variety, with 365,000., used to produce a table wine marketed in China.

In Spain, there are 2 main varieties: Airén and Tempranillo, because they occupy practically half of the wine-producing area at the national level, which is around 43%.Among the main varieties, we have:

white airen

It is the most abundant species in all of Spain, with large and tightly packed clusters that produce a wine with a characteristic aroma and an alcohol content that ranges between 10-12%.

This popular variety is grown in the following locations: Madrid, Murcia, Albacete, Cuenca, Toledo, Ciudad Real, among others.It is considered the main variety in the Denomination of Origin (DO) Vinos de Madrid.


It is a white species, with a presence that is located only in the Ribera del Ulla, but in few proportions.It is, however, a great blessing because this variety of grapes produces very aromatic wines, with a very special body.


It is also a white grape, with a great presence in wine crops in the Cañamero region, where it is quite abundant.


It is also a white variety that is present in the autonomous community of Galicia.It has a sweet, grainy, small flavor that produces very good quality wines. It is the basic grape of the DO Rías Baixas.


It is also a white grape, possessing a significant level of glycerol that gives it a unique smoothness in winemaking.

It is grown in Madrid, Ávila and Galicia and is an authorized variety in the DO Ribeiro and in the DO Vinos de Madrid.


Another variety of white grape present in the Somontano area, which produces light-bodied white wines with a special aroma.


The name Aragón identifies the so-called Garnacha grape in regions such as Castilla y León. The Aragonese red wine is produced with this variety.


It is a red species of French origin, resulting from the cross between merlot and petit verdot.


It is a red variety that has a lot of coloring matter and produces wonderful rosé wines. It is grown in Valencia, Cuenca and Albacete.


It is a white variety from the regions of Extremadura, with excellent yields.


It is a red variety that is grown in the productive Galician lands. It is authorized in the DO Rìas Baixas, although at present it is increasingly scarce and is in danger of disappearing.


It is another red variety that is grown in the Arribes del Duero area, in Castilla y León.

It has a scarce production, with a medium-high vigor and a low yield because they have a small cluster, with small round fruits and indigo blue skin.

Cabernet Franc

This red variety originally from Bordeaux, as occurs with the Cabernet Sauvignon, produces softer wines and is related to the Mencía, of great production in Galicia and Castile.

Cabernet Sauvignon

It is perhaps the most famous red variety, originally from the French Médoc, which is found on all the continents of the planet.

It has been cultivated with great success in Catalonia, Navarra and Ribera del Duero, but it is advancing to other Spanish lands.


It is a variety born in the fertile lands of Galicia, but it is characterized by the fact that its white and red varieties are rather scarce. The ink is considered a star variety in the DO Ribeiro and the DO Rías Baixas.The white, for its part, has been authorized only in Rías Baixas.

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