How often and how to water my vineyards?

The vineyards are crops of high commercial value, which implies that very specific care must be followed to achieve good productions.

The irrigation of vineyards must be worked with care and a lot of documentation, since the water supply becomes decisive in the positive results.

How to ensure that irrigation is appropriate according to the type of vineyard? What is the best methodology to apply it? What happens if it’s not done right? These are probably some of the doubts that go through your head when you enter this post and we will solve them all below. Are you coming?

Important points when irrigating vineyards:

  • Irrigation frequency: in vineyards, the frequency will be determined by the stage of the plantation.
  • Irrigation method: it can be by surface, sprinklers or drip, the latter being the most recommended.
  • Optimum time of day for irrigation: in the morning.
  • Identify excess water: yellow leaves, short shoots, watery fruits, without sugar and with an acid taste.
  • Identify lack of water: fruits that do not grow, are produced in low quantity and have a bad taste.

What irrigation needs do vineyards have?

Vineyards need a constant application of water to maintain the mobility of their internal fluids and achieve high production.Water contributes to the development of sugars that are essential in the formation of a quality fruit, so if it is missing, it will have a negative impact.

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In general, a vine plant is capable of resisting drought, but we must bear in mind that it is only about the structure, not the production. When a vine has good irrigation, it will be better able to cope with the flowering stage, the formation of fruits, the weight of the grapes, among others.

How can we detect lack of irrigation in vineyards?

Although it is a crop that is managed with roots that reach a significant level of depth, drought will cause a negative impact.

This impact will be oriented towards production, since the plant itself is resistant to lack of water.The fruits, the grapes, can be small, in low quantity and with an unpleasant taste.

How often should we water the vineyards?

The application of irrigation in the vineyards will start from a structure designed according to the different stages that the plant goes through. In this way, we have that the points in which it will require more irrigation are: at the arrival of spring, the days of flowering and the days of fruit formation.

During these periods it is favorable that the risks are established at a rate of 4 or 5 weekly depending on the particular conditions of the environment. On the opposite side, it will be necessary to reduce the amount of water supply at the time when flower buds are forming.

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Likewise, it is necessary to reduce when the fruits are already ripe and it is going to pass to the harvest stage, including the days after this. In these cases, the irrigations could be established in 2 weekly.

Consider that the normal periods of rains during the year will be enough to supplant the irrigation, so you will not have to work on them.

What is the best way to irrigate vineyards?

Vineyards can adapt to different irrigation methods such as surface, sprinkler and drip irrigation.Drip irrigation is the most favorable due to many factors, including the fact that it applies localized irrigation and makes more efficient use of water.

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Another valuable point is that it allows the amount of water to be dosed exceptionally, so the application will be just right for each stage. In vineyards, this is a highly relevant aspect because it will reduce the chances of defective harvests due to this cause.

How do we detect excess water in the vineyards?

Excess water is especially deadly in vineyards because it affects the ability of the roots to breathe and therefore the entire structure is damaged. When this situation occurs, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and the shoots will not grow enough.

If excess water occurs at certain times, it can have unfortunate effects on the crop. For example, when it occurs in the flowering stage, it will cause accelerated fruit development but no internal structure.

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An effect on the fruit also occurs when excess irrigation appears after veraison because it will dilute the sugars, giving the grapes an acid taste. The vineyards must be treated with great care to obtain high-value crops.

Although here we provide you with a recommended watering frequency, keep in mind that there are many factors that affect this decision. The important thing is to know the crop and take advantage of moisture measurement strategies, for example, to establish the most favorable irrigation rhythm.

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