Gardening

How to make a garden in winter: 7 fundamental tasks

Winter is apparently a low-work time in the garden, as most fruits and vegetables are grown and harvested when temperatures are milder. Despite that, there are some crops that are suitable for winter , and there are other things we can do during the colder season of the year besides growing. In this post I will tell you some options to keep the garden in shape during the winter and get it ready for the new spring plantings.

Garden work in winter

Here are 7 things to do in the garden during the winter so as not to get bored or leave the activity in the garden during this time.

1. Plant winter crops

There are cold-resistant crops such as garlic, turnip, leek, some leafy vegetables (endives, arugula, cabbage …) or legumes. All these crops and others that we saw in the post Winter plants can be grown with low temperatures. You can also grow red fruits such as blueberries or raspberries , which can withstand the cold well.

2. Make compost

At the end of summer, after having harvested all the vegetables in the garden, you will have a lot of residues (remains of plants and roots, pruning, rotten fruits or birds bitten that you have not been able to eat …). You can take advantage of all this  to make compost . If you have a garden with trees, you can also use the leaves that fall in the fall.

This is a very good way to reuse garden waste while making homemade organic compost for the following crops .

In the post How to make homemade compost step by step you have the keys to do it. Begin in late summer or early fall to accumulate this waste in a compost bin or pile.

During the winter, make the necessary turns and, if you have one, add wood ash or kitchen waste suitable for compost (such as fruit remains or coffee grounds) and… voilà. After 3-4 months, your compost will be ready to fertilize the soil just before the arrival of the new crops.

3. Sow green manure

As we saw in the post Green manure for the organic garden ,  this is a very good option to recover the soil after the crops, protect it from erosion and fertilize it naturally , since with it a lot of nutrients will be incorporated into the soil . In addition, you control the appearance of weeds , and in this way you will avoid the effort of removing them when you go to plant your garden in spring.

In the event that you are going to put green manure in winter, you should choose species that withstand frost such as alfalfa, clover, vetch, rye or fodder turnip.

One month before you are to plant the new spring-summer crops, cut, chop and bury the winter green manure to a depth of 10-20 cm. And ready! Soil recovered and fertilized with a natural and ecological method.

4. Put a padding on the floor

Whether you have decided to grow winter crops or if you have an empty garden, putting organic mulch will be another good option in winter, such as green manure, to improve the soil, protect it during the winter and prevent the appearance of weeds. In addition, it will not require so much effort since you do not have to mow and bury as in the other case.

There are several types of mulching that you can put depending on the materials you have or the needs of your garden / crops.

5. Prevention of pests and diseases

If you have had problems with fungi or with some pests, anticipate their appearance for the following year by spraying home remedies on the ground like the ones we saw in 3 natural remedies against pests and diseases .

6. Plan the next season

Planning the garden with actions such as deciding which species you will put in spring, which seeds you already have and which ones you need , designing crop associations or preparing tutors and seedbeds , is something that requires time.

It is also a good time to check the irrigation system or to tune up the garden tools and clean them well (this is a key action to prevent the appearance of diseases the following year).

Do all these planning in winter so that in February-March you have everything ready to go.

7. Prepare the ground

At the end of winter , a month or month and a half before the spring sowings and plantings, it is time to plow or till the soil to decompress it and to fertilize the soil with natural fertilizers This will allow time for the fertilizer to be well incorporated into the soil and for the soil to be well homogeneous when the new crops arrive.

Well, here are my tips on what you can do during the winter. I hope I gave you some ideas if you were a little lost with the garden so empty after the summer harvests.

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