Gardening

How to Plant Cabbage: [Time, Land, Light, Temperature and Disadvantages]

How many types of cabbage do you know and how do you include them in your daily dishes?

In case you didn’t know, cabbages are a very diverse family of foods that contain cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower, among others.

Having them in your home garden and enjoying their flavor and nutritional value is fantastic, so it’s about time you considered them if you haven’t already.

To help you in all this task, we have prepared this complete post that will leave you with a crop of 10 if you apply the tips. We’ll see.

Important points when planting a cabbage:

  • When? In spring.
  • Where? Outdoorsor protected (greenhouse).
  • How do we prepare the land? Adding organic matter if necessary, since it needs a nourished soil. You also need to plow and moisten.
  • How should we water? with localized irrigation, preferably drip irrigation.
  • How often do you have to water? every day in the hot season, reducing the amounts depending on the time of year.
  • What care do you need? Good nutrients in the soil, use of water without excess lime.
  • What pests and diseases does it have? especially caterpillars and aphids.

When are cabbages planted?

The sowing period of the cabbage is variable depending on the climatic conditions of the place. It is best to wait for spring. March, April and May are the most common months that are used to start the process in home gardens that are developed outdoors.

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However, if you are going to have the cabbage harvests protected inside greenhouses, you can proceed at any time of the year without inconvenience.

How do you plant potted cabbage?

Cabbages can be planted in pots in their initial phase, so that they start the formation of the base leaves. This is achieved by taking advantage of a well-drained soil where the seeds will be placed.

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However, after the cabbages have developed 3 or 4 leaves it is highly recommended to transplant them into the garden.This is because it is a kind of land that is good for «feeling» in direct contact with the ground.

How should the soil be to plant a cabbage?

The soil must have a good amount of nutrients that you will be able to provide with additives such as homemade compost if necessary.

It is also helpful if the soil has low acidity and is more inclined to a clay texture rather than a sandy one because it needs to hold moisture.

Before planting, it is appropriate to plow the ground a little to give it looseness and moisten it deeply. In this way, the cabbages will get a pleasant environment in which to settle and that will positively influence the rest of the process.

What light needs do cabbages have?

Cabbages are close friends of the sun, so they receive its light with great joy.This means that when you choose the place to keep them, you must ensure that they get a sufficient flow of light on a daily basis.

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Cabbages don’t grow in the shade, much less in the dark, so make sure you don’t plant other species that grow more on their sides because they can block access to the sun as they develop.

How do you water a cabbage?

Irrigation is a topic of great interest in the cabbage harvest because it does not accept drought.

In order to give it the appropriate amount of water, it is necessary to work according to almost daily irrigation (depending on the time of year) but taking care not to flood it.

Remember that cabbages grow at ground level and an excess of humidity in the environment can damage the leaves and promote the appearance of fungi and bacteria. To avoid these problems, the drainage capacity of the soil also plays a fundamental role.

How should the temperature be for cabbages?

Cabbages maintain good growth and health as long as temperatures are warm, although they can be moderately tolerant to the presence of cold. This applies especially to cabbages that are sown late in the season and that the process forces the harvest to be done during the fall.

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However, they cannot be kept in optimal conditions during the winter unless they are protected from low temperatures and, even more so, from frost.

When are cabbages harvested?

After the entire growth process has passed, the moment you have been waiting for so long arrives to collect your cabbages and consume them.

From the moment you see that it has reached a correct size ratio, you will have them ready to collect.

The idea is to cut the stem, ensuring that a sufficient amount remains attached to the ground (at least 5 centimeters high) so that it can regrow later.

As for the specific time of the year, it is normal to harvest at the end of the year, since the cabbages take approximately 4 or 5 months to be ready.

What pests and diseases affect cabbages?

Cabbages can be attacked by a wide variety of pests which in turn cause diseases. This is due to the growth conditions they have, so you have to pay close attention to the alarms that they usually manifest when this happens.

We have as examples, the caterpillars and the aphids which can consume the leaves, especially in the case of the caterpillars, leading to the loss of entire crops. The wounds that these insects cause on the leaves can contribute to the lodging of fungi or bacteria that end up damaging the structure.

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To deal with them, it is a good plan to use ecological insecticides that do not harm the quality of the crops and are not harmful to humans.The most normal (and recommended) thing is to consume fresh cabbages, but as we know that we cannot enjoy them all year round, the conservation strategy is to freeze them.

The detail is that you cannot do it without bleaching them before because they will lose their properties. So pass them for 2 minutes in water and then freeze. There are many preparations that you can enjoy based on cabbages and if you have them directly from your home garden, even better.

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