Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) – Characteristics and care

We call gardenia ( Gardenia jasminoides ) a genus of very popular plants of Asian origin that stand out mainly for their exquisite perfume . We can keep this plant indoors and outdoors, thanks to its relatively simple care.

Likewise, gardenia is very popular for its multiple meanings , which have made it the protagonist of songs, photographs and perfumes around the world.

Gardenia taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae
Tribe: Gardenieae
Genus: Gardenia

Gardenia characteristics

Gardenias are evergreen shrubs that can grow to a height of 2 meters  and are abundantly flowering . Its leaves are spear-shaped and have a very bright, intense dark green color. It is a plant highly appreciated for the great beauty and intense perfume of its creamy white flowers . 134 species are accepted, although many more are described.

In addition to being appreciated for their beauty, gardenia also stands out for its sedative, anesthetic, antiseptic, diuretic and purgative properties. From its fruits you can make infusions or extract its essential oils to obtain its multiple benefits.

Habitat and distribution of gardenia

They are native to Asia, mainly in countries like China, Vietnam, Japan, Burma or Taiwan . Thus, they thrive best in hot, temperate, and subtropical climates.

Gardenia care

Gardenias can be planted outside as long as a mild and somewhat warm climate can be offered . If this is not your case, better think about enjoying the gardenia indoors, where it will remain beautiful. It will do well in acidic , well-drained soil , but at the same time remains somewhat moist. You can achieve this by adding fermented bark between the soil.

Place your plant in a place in semi-shade , to receive most of the natural daylight solar, but not too excessively exposed, remember that thanks moisture. We recommend that you water your plant often without getting it flooded.

You should pay it in spring or summer, preferably with an organic fertilizer , to increase its vigor. To finish, we highlight that it usually blooms in late spring , although it can give flowers throughout the year but in lesser quantity.

Gardenia meaning

Gardenia is a highly appreciated flower in China, it is said to have a meaning of feminine grace , subtlety and nobility, they also symbolize purity and joy. However, it is not only in China that this beautiful flower stands out. All over the world it is used as a universal symbol of secret love , which is why it is one of the best plants to give as gifts .


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