Gardening

10 Types and Varieties of the Most Famous Almond Trees

The almond tree is a popular tree in many parts of the world. It stands out for its height, it can measure up to 6 meters by 4 in diameter.It is grown in temperate climates.

It is recognized for the shade it produces, which makes it ideal for spending good times in contact with nature, taking advantage of the delights of its fruit.

In Spain, almond trees are produced with a hard shell, which has the advantage of not suffering the consequences of pests or bird attacks.The main varieties of this plant are the following:

Marcona

Late-ripening tree, sensitive to frost, highly branched and very productive, it is the most popular variety for being the most demanded in the world, as it is used to make great-tasting nougat.

Its flowering occurs in early February. It does not pollinate itself; to do so we will need another variety, such as garrigues. Round fruit with hard shell. Its yield is 27%.

Guara

Medium-sized tree with few branches, easy to harvest, all-terrain variety, self-fertile because it does not need the pollen of another variety to bear fruit.

It is fast maturing and late flowering, at the end of February. Resistant to frost, it has medium vigor. Its fruits resemble a heart, rounded on one side and tight on the other.

This tree is used to pollinate other varieties such as the ferranduel or the ferragnes.

Ferranduel

Vigorous growing tree, with good branching and open habit, late maturing and flowering; That is why it resists low temperatures very well. The shell is elongated, large and very hard; its yield is 27%. It needs another variety to be fertilized, especially guara or ferragnes.

Garrigues

Murcian variety, self-compatible, pollinates itself, it is not necessary to fertilize it for flowering; Rather, it serves as a pollinator for other species, such as the corsage almond tree.

Very vigorous, medium ripening, it produces small almonds with a hard shell. Early flowering, at the end of January. It can be planted in arid land because it stoically withstands the lack of water.

Ferragnes

Productive almond tree, strong, with few branches, straight as a spear. It has the advantage that it develops well in any type of soil.

Of late flowering, it resists the cold, its flowering occurs at the end of February, but for pollination it needs another variety such as the ferranduel or guara variety.

Its fruits are semi-hard, with elongated almonds, and a yield of 40%. Abundant production, for the whole family.

corsage

Its name is due to the production of its almonds, together, as if forming bouquets. Tall, it has good branching.

Not recommended for cold places due to its early flowering and maturation; adapts to different situations and terrain.

It has good branching, medium-high vigor, medium flowering, can be pollinated with the Marcona, Garrigues or Fainting varieties.

Its almonds have a hard shell with an elongated, narrow and flat shape, great flavor, productive, with a yield of 40%.

Atocha

Spanish variety of early flowering to mid-season; of great productivity and almond of excellent flavor and quality. Fruit with a hard and elongated shell, cream coloured. Vigorous tree, of great size, abundant flowering and resistant to drought.

red swoon

Aragonese variety, with thick and compact fruit in pink tones, which gives it its suggestive name; elongated seed with a compact point; late-flowering plant, good for cultivation due to its great resistance to cold and drought.

Fainting lorgueta

Spanish variety from Catalonia, with a lot of branching, medium-high production, high and early flowering and late production. Plant of medium vigor, resistant to cold. Hard and elongated fruit. Requires cross pollination.

Antoinette

Tree of great vigor, it is a Spanish variety of high productivity, open size and abundant branching.

High own fertility, does not need to be fertilized. Resistant to frost, it is early maturing and late flowering, very resistant to diseases.

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