Gardening

21 Most Famous and Delicious Kiwi Types and Varieties

The origin of the Kiwi, technically known by the name of Actinidia Deliciosa, is located in New Zealand.

Belonging to the genus Actinidia, currently the best known cultivars around the world are Hayward and Bruno.

In China, in 1983, the so-called Guangxi Botanical Institute managed to classify and describe around 53 species, 5 varieties and 15 forms included in the genus Actinidia.

There are 3 great botanical varieties, which are: chinensis, hispida and setosa. Of the cultivated forms, A. Chinensis var. hispid.For the most part, the current varieties that are cultivated come from New Zealand lands, so it is considered that there are male and female varieties.

Female varieties of kiwi are:

  • Abbott
  • Bruno
  • Hayward
  • monty
  • Kramer
  • Greensil
  • Allison
  • Vincent
  • Tewi
  • gracie
  • jones
  • Elmwood.

Male varieties are:

  • Matua
  • Tomuri
  • M-3
  • M51
  • M52
  • M54
  • M56
  • Chieftain
  • autari

In Spain, the Hayward-type kiwifruit cultivars are the most widespread, although some later introduced clones such as Hayward K, Hayward 8 and Top Star, collected in other countries.Among the types of Kiwi, there are 9 the best known are:

green kiwi

It is the best known type of Kiwi worldwide. High in vitamin C, it has a sweet taste with a point of exquisite acidity.In some countries it is known under the name Kiwi Zespri.

Kiwi Hayward

It is a larger fruit, has a hairy brown skin, with small hairs. Its green pulp is very juicy and has a shelf life of around 6 months if it is well preserved.

Kiwi Hayward Clone 8

It is a hybrid native to Greece, and its maturation process is faster than the others, having an excellent resistance to low temperatures and winter frost.

Kiwifruit Top Star

It is medium in size, hairless on the shell, even though it is a modification of the Hayward.

Summer Kiwi

It comes from several «controlled» crosses between several species. It has a much sweeter flavor, lighter weight and a much faster harvest time that brings great economic benefits to its growers.

Kiwi Abbott

Of medium size, its preservation is shorter than other types of kiwi.

Kiwi Bruno

It is one of the types with the least commercial impact, it is much less popular. But it has a higher amount of vitamin C, if compared to others.

yellow kiwi

With the scientific name Actinidia Chinensis, it has a much sweeter fruit than the Green Kiwi type.

There is no characteristic acid touch in its flavor. And the flesh is deep yellow, not the usual green color.This species is the second most cultivated worldwide.

KiwiMonty

Although its fruit is small, it fulfills perfectly well in sweet flavor, much less acid than usual.

Also, there are popular varieties. Some of the best known are the following:

abbot

Its fruit is medium-sized, with a sweet acidic flavor and a very bright straw-green pulp.

Bruno

This medium-sized variety also has a very bright green flesh, very juicy, with a sweet and acid flavor at the same time.

Hayward

In this variety, the fruit is larger and more uniform, with a lighter green flesh, although also very bright and with an acid sweet-scented flavour.

gracie

It has the particularity that the skin of the fruit is a greenish-brown color, with hairs. The pulp is very green, with a slightly acid and fragrant flavor.

jones

The fruits are oval in shape, with a fairly bright straw-green flesh and a sweet, slightly acidic and fragrant taste.

monty

The fruit of size and little uniform. The pulp is bright straw-green, with a sweet-acid taste.

Kiwi Hort 16

This medium-sized fruit is a variety that comes from the Yellow Kiwi.

The flesh is also bright yellow in color and has high concentrations of vitamin C, E and iron, which makes this variant a powerful, highly commercial food option.

Kiwi A 19

It is very similar to the Yellow Kiwi, but with one substantial difference: the fruit is much smaller than its predecessor and is also more acidic. In New Zealand its cultivation became very popular.

Kiwi Jin Tao

It is closer to the Kiwi Hort, although it comes from the Yellow Kiwi. Therefore, its pulp is also yellow, but with a smaller and sweeter fruit.

Kiwi Sun Gold

Another variant that comes from the Yellow Kiwi, with an acid taste and a skin without hairs or hairs. It is widely cultivated in New Zealand.

Kiwi JB Gold or Kiwi Kiss

This variant also comes from the Yellow Kiwi, but it is larger in size.In New Zealand they cultivated it for the first time.

Soreli Kiwifruit

It is also derived from Amarillo, it resists low temperatures and its shell is smooth, it does not have hairs.They grow it in Italy.

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