Aeoniun Arboreum: [Cultivation, Irrigation, Associations, Pests and Diseases]

Important points when planting Aeoniun arboreum

  • Where to sow? In full light. It needs a lot of sunlight.
  • When? In spring.
  • How do we prepare the land? Removed, removing weeds. Withnatural gardening substrate with good drainage.
  • How do we water? With drip.
  • How often do we water? In spring and summer, 2 times a week. The rest of the year spaced irrigation.
  • Plagues and diseases? Aphids and fungal diseases.

The aeoniun arboreum is a crass succulent plant also known by the name of Black Rose.

Although its flower is shaped like a rosette, but its coloration is not completely black but rather a very dark red wine.

The scientific name of the aeonium is Aeoniun Arboreum Zwartkop/ Schwarzkopf. It is a plant classified as monocarpic since once it flowers, the rosette dies immediately.

Although there is no need to be alarmed since before dying the rosettes produce many children that can be transplanted again. The origin of the aeoniun arboreum, also known as «atropurpurea», is located in the Canary Islands and in general in the Mediterranean area and in Morocco.

When to sow the Aeoniun arboreum?

The aeoniun arboreum plant should be planted during the spring.

Where to do it?

The aeoniun arboreum is a plant that should be grown in full light and with a lot of direct sun. In case of planting indoors, it is recommended to place it in places where it receives abundant light.

It is a plant that tolerates high temperatures, but not frost, for which due precautions must be taken in the event of low environmental sources.

How to prepare the land?

The aeoniun arboreum is not demanding about the quality of the soil and can be planted in the mixtures or substrates that are at hand, even garden soil can also be used, but the most important thing is that it has good drainage.

For this type of succulent plant, it is recommended that the soil be porous so that it absorbs water but does not flood the plant. During the preparation of the land you can count on pitch stone that helps in the process.

Perlite is also an element widely used in the preparation of the land for the aeonium arboreum and for any type of cactus, since it makes the substrate very light.

As for the substrates and after many experiments carried out, science has invented chemical powders and fertilizers that tone the soil for the cultivation of the aeoniun arboreum.

How do we water the Aeoniun arboreum?

To know how to water the aeoniun arboreum, you can follow the recommendations of experts and gardeners:

Maintain uniform humidity, water less frequently, but thoroughly, always water in the evening or early in the morning; always keep the leaves dry and place the correct amount of water.

The aeoniun arboreum is a succulent that, in very hot summers, requires watering once or twice a week and the rest of the year, the waterings must be much more spaced.

A widely used trick to verify the need for irrigation of the aeoniun arboreum is sinking your fingers, or any pointed wooden stick, into the substrate to verify if it is moist or if, on the contrary, it is very dry and requires water.

How do we plant an Aeoniun arboreum step by step?

The aeoniun arboreum plant can be planted from seeds, cuttings and small stems of the children produced by the plant itself.

  1. Choose a stem of the aeoniun arboreum, previously cut at a distance of about 6 or 7 centimeters, it can have a rosette or only a stem. It should be a stem from a healthy plant.
  2. Select an individual pot, with holes designed for drainage.
  3. Before placing the substrate, it is recommended to use some clay rocks to prevent the soil from compacting and as a means for the root to pass through and take in the water that accumulates in the bottom of the pot.
  4. Make and place the substrate that can be a garden mixture, although there are specialists who recommend making the homemade substrate with ingredients such as perlite, coconut fiber and finally the universal substrate.
  5. Plant a rosette for each pot, or you can also place two or more stems in each pot, in case one fails. It is not necessary to plant so deep, because its roots will seek space downwards.
  6. If the natural process of the plant is carried out well, it will be possible to observe that small buds soon appear and then buds with two or three rosettes will emerge on the stems.
  7. Some stems will reproduce and others will not. Hence the importance of planting several cuttings or stems individually in each pot.

The planting process will also depend on the affection, care and attention given to the plant, it will know this and will reward it by growing healthy, robust and beautiful.

What favorable associations does it have?

The association of crops of compatible plants produces benefits with respect to their cultivation separately, in addition to the use of light, water and/or nutrients.

Although there is no study dedicated to the favorable association of the aeoniun arboreum, they can be planted in gardens with other succulents that require the same care and requirements in their development.

What pests and diseases attack the Aeoniun arboreum plant?

The aeonium arboreum is a bit weak against fungi that can be produced by excess or lack of water and nutrients.

The plant may present some type of succulent or succulent Aphids that appear if there is not a good balance in the soil.

To combat this pest, potassium soap can be used, applied to the central part of the aeonium arboreum. Gardeners and horticulturists recommend regular control treatments, in addition to keeping the crops well fertilized so that they develop strong and healthy.

Bibliography and references

  • Fragoso, R; Luisier A., ​​(1971). Natural history, life of animals and plants. Seventh Edition, Gallach Institute of Bookstore and Editions, SL Barcelona-Spain.

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