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Climate of Argentina: [Characteristics, Flora, Fauna and Adaptability]

Important points about the Climate of Argentina:

  • What is? The climate of Argentina is defined as the variations that occur in the territory of the country throughout the year and taking into account its geographical characteristics.
  • Where it is located? The climate of Argentina is over the entire extension of the country, which is located between 38º south latitude and 63º west longitude.
  • What flora predominates? Among the most characteristic species we can mention: the Patagonian cypress, ceibo, southern walnut, some grasses, southern beeches, among others.
  • What fauna predominates? The most outstanding species of the country are: the puma, the Pampas deer, the Patagonian rhea, the right whale, the Para alligator, among others.
  • How long is the day and night? In winter, the nights last longer than the days, with a maximum of 15 hours. In summer, the day lasts longer with a maximum of 15 hours.
  • Can humans live in this climate? Much of the territory of Argentina offers the necessary and sufficient conditions for human life.

Argentina is located in South America, very close to the South Pole and has coastlines that reach the Atlantic Ocean.

Its climate is variable from what is seen in the north of the country to what can be achieved in the south, and even from east to west.

As its main characteristic we can say that it has the presence of the 4 seasons throughout the year. Do you want to know what are all the conditions that stand out in this well-known American country?

Next we will tell you everything.

What is the climate of Argentina?

The climate of Argentina is defined as the variations that occur in the territory of the country throughout the year and taking into account its geographical characteristics.

It can be subdivided into three types depending on the area of ​​the country where you are, since there are variations, especially with regard to transit from north to south.

It has quite extreme temperature conditions in each cycle, so it has very hot summers and quite cold winters. Due to its location around the equator, its winter season is located towards the middle of the year, while summer is at the end of the year.

That is, it maintains the opposite season to what happens in the Northern Hemisphere. Argentina has an area with one of the coldest climates on the planet, which is Patagonia, very close to the South Pole.

Where is the climate of Argentina located geographically?

The climate of Argentina is over the entire extension of the country, which is located between 38º south latitude and 63º west longitude.It is in the southern hemisphere, on the American continent, bordering almost all of its extension with Chile.

What characteristics does the climate of Argentina have?

The climate of Argentina bases its characteristics on the subtype of climate that exists according to the region.

Arid climate of Argentina

It is located in the north and part of the west of the country and has conditions that are presented with constant rainy seasons and dry areas.

Here the variables of mountain arids, of the steppe and of mountains and fields are manifested. They occupy areas such as Mendoza, La Rioja, Salta and San Juan de Jujuy.

Temperate climate of Argentina

It is the climate that prevails in the center of the country, where temperatures are around 15º C on average per year.

In this zone the stations are generated without disturbances, although towards the most coastal zone variants of temperate oceanic climate are observed.

It is a climate that receives a good volume of rainfall per year, especially in the parts near the coast. It is the one that is present throughout Buenos Aires, La Plata, Santa Rosa, Córdoba, Santa Fe, among others.

Cold climate of Argentina

It is the one that predominates in the south, where we had already advanced the area of ​​Patagonia.

It is an area with abundant rainfall and strong winds, with the presence of snowfall and frost in the parts with higher altitudes.

What flora predominates in the climate of Argentina?

The variability of climates in Argentina promotes the development of different ecosystems and, in each of them, a certain number of species of flora coexist.

The number could easily exceed 10,000 species, ranging from those with tropical characteristics to those of cold climates.

Among the most characteristic we can mention: the Patagonian cypress, the ceibo, the southern walnut, some grasses, the southern beeches, etc.

The Paraná pine is one of the species of flora that is worth referring to separately due to its ecological and environmental importance for the country. Although it is not actually a pine, it is part of the balance of the nation, since it is distributed throughout the territory.

However, today it is threatened, noticing an evident reduction in the number of existing specimens.

What fauna predominates in the climate of Argentina?

The species of fauna are also highly influenced by the impact of the climate in each space.

In fact, species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and, of course, even certain exotic animals have been counted.

There are some animal species that are only capable of developing their lives in the conditions offered by Argentina and the surrounding areas.

The most outstanding species are: the puma, the Pampas deer, the Patagonian rhea, the right whale, the Para alligator, among others. In fact, the right whale has been declared by the authorities as a National Natural Monument and is protected from the threat of extinction.

How long is the day and night in the climate of Argentina?

Day and night are influenced by the arrival of the solstices that define summer and winter.

In winter, as it happens in the northern hemisphere, the nights last longer than the days, with a maximum of 15 hours.

In summer a similar event occurs, but in reverse, that is, the day lasts longer with a maximum of 15 hours.

Can human beings live in the climate of Argentina?

Most of the territory of Argentina offers the necessary and sufficient conditions for human life.

The extreme south would become the most inhospitable around this issue because the average temperatures are usually very low, which makes human activities difficult.

However, we must consider that Argentina is a country with a large livestock industry. This has been possible to establish thanks to the fact that the climatic conditions are suitable for breeding.

Argentina is a country that offers good climatic conditions for human life, with the presence of the 4 seasons. Even when there are areas where winters are cold and dry and summers are hot, it is possible to quickly adapt to these changes.

Its location, with a large coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, makes it easy for many factors to modify its climatic structure. Hence, it cannot be said that it has a single prevailing climate from north to south, but that they develop according to all these elements.

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