How many types of roses are there and which ones are good for your garden? [15 Examples]

Roses, belonging to the Rosaceae family,They are famous all over the world.

Originally from Asia, they currently have a presence on all the planet’s continents and more than 100 species that have the following common traits:very beautiful flowersof many petals of varied sensational colors and thorny stems.

It is one of the plants with the greatest ornamental use and one of those that produces the most beautiful flowers.

If what you want is to know how to plant, care for and watch your roses grow, click here.

Throughout the history of mankind, Roses have undergone intense selection and hybridization in order to create new varieties and forms.

Did you know…It is considered to be the most «worked» plant in the world. And this human devotion has allowed that currently around 30,000 varieties or cultivars are obtained from all corners of the planet.

But generally speaking,The types of Roses are classified into three large groups:

  • Wild species: are those that are found in their natural state, in forests and mountains.
  • Old rosebushes: are those belonging to dates prior to 1867.
  • Modern rose bushes: they are the varieties after 1867.

Types of Wild Roses

Wild roses are the main base for all varieties or hybrids. Let’s see which are the best known.

Banksia Rose or Banks Rose

It is a rosebush with rigid and arched stems that grow quite a bit, become very elongated and can reach between 3 and 6 cm.

It is of the climbing type, so it requiresa support to hold on and get entangled.Its leaves are evergreen. It blooms profusely every year in the spring, throwing off clusters of white or yellow flowers about 2 cm in diameter.

Curiously, it has no spines. For its expansion to be prolific, it deserves to live in a spacious garden, where it receives the blessing of the sun ‘s rays with medium intensity and a smoist, nourished and well-drained soil. Organic fertilizer at the end of winter favors it a lot.

Irrigation must be moderatein spring and summer. Did you know…Banksia roses live perfectly well in coastal areas and withstand drought.

centifolia rose

Also known as the Roman Rose, Provence Rose, or Hundred Leaves Rose, this species is a shrub that can reach between 1 to 2 meters in height. In its natural state, it is found in oak, pine or pine-oak forests and is used in garden decorations as a kind of informal hedge (see the article on electric hedge trimmers).

Its cultivation is very common in the Grasse region, in the south of France, where perfume was invented.

In Grasse,It is highly valued because of the centífoliaan absolute essence obtained thanks to the extraction of volatile solvents is extracted.

This species can also be reproduced in nurseries, supported by stakes.

Its flowers have medicinal uses and are also excellent for perfumery, to the point that Rose water is obtained through a simple distillation process produced thanks to the petals of the Rosa centífolia.

with abouta thousand flowers of this variety can be obtained about 473 ml of waterof roses of excellent quality and varied uses in the kitchen, as air freshener, facial tonic and even as a means to withstand the taste of unpleasant medicines.

In medicine, it is also used as a liver tonic and astringent, heart strengthener, as well as a soothing to minimize minor skin conditions.

damask rose

popularly knownlike Rose of Alexandria or Turkish Rose,today it is cultivated in the regions of Bulgaria, Turkey and France.

It is made up of a vigorous bush that can reach up to 2 meters in height, with double flowers and many petals arranged in a rosette about 10 cm wide, with green ocelli. In summer it obtains its splendor, although its leaves never shine, they are rather opaque.

A special feature is thatits preferably pink colored flowers are very fragrant,They have an intense perfume, which is why they are the main source for the production of essential oils.

Did you know…It is so productive that in Bulgaria, for example, there is an entire industry around its wonderful aromas extracted from its 36-petaled flowers.

The essential oil is obtained bythe steam distillation method.

It is a yellow-olive liquid with an intense sweet floral perfume. Are neededabout 30 damson roses to produce just 1 dropof this fabulous essence so requested around the world, both by the cosmetic industry, as well as to relieve intense headaches, relieve depression and nervous tension, as well as the reduction of skin infections and dry skin.

Rosa eglanteria or rubiginosa

Known worldwide as Rosa Mosqueta, Zarza or Rosa rubiginosa, it is native to Europe.

The plant can reach up to 2.4 meters in height, with small leaves that expel a very pleasant aroma on days of humid weather. Its branches are arched, with curved purplish spines and the pink flowers are distributed in small clusters.

It has another feature:When the flowers dry, a small orange fruit called rose hips sprouts.

In gardens, it is suitable for forming hedges or dividing walls.

But the most sensational thing about the Rosehip is the great variety of derived products that it gives to the world, such as sweets, tea and a high-quality cosmetic line.

Did you know…With the fruit a succulent sweet is prepared. And from its seeds the famous Rosehip oil is extracted, widely used in the domestic industry to produce creams, ointments and ointments for healing purposes, remove wrinkles and stretch marks and erase skin blemishes.

Rosa pimpinellifolia or Rosa spinosissima

Popularly known as the thorny rose or pimpinela, it is a small shrub 0.5 to 1.5 meters tall, with highly branched erect dark brown branches.

It has straight spines 4-8mm long, numerously expanded on the branches interspersed with sharp setae. The leaves have matte green serrated edges and sometimes have some reddish hues on the upper side.

Its flowers are always solitary, but abundant in the area of ​​the short lateral stems, with a dimension of between 3-5cms in diameter, with a milky white color and a yellowish or pinkish base, with petals ofabout 2cm long that double the sepals.

The Pimpernel Rose blooms in spring and sometimes in the middle of summer. Its preferred habitat consists of moist soils in tall scrub and sloping areas, preferably on calcareous soils.

Types of Old Rose Bushes

Of the so-called old Rosales, we have:

Alba Rose Bushes

Known as Alba, it is a large rose with free branches and clusters composed of five to seven double or semi-double flowers that are born in summer.

They are very resistant and adapt perfectly well to borders and as isolated specimens in gardens, because their foliage is abundant and glossy of a grayish green color.

Mossy Rose

It is a not very dense bush but very beautiful due to its foliage and the hairs that stand out on the back of the calyx, which give it a mossy or moldy appearance.

It doesn’t get very tall, but its dark green leaves are beautiful too. In summer it produces double flowers and there are about 288 types of hybrid moss roses around the world.

chinese roses

They are small to medium-sized bushes with open bouquets and single or double flowers that can grow singly or in groups of 2 to 13 flowers.

Its ideal time for abundant flowering is from summer to autumn. Another characteristic is that their follicles are acuminate and shiny. They do very well on garden edges or walls. There are 234 varieties of China Roses.

Portland Type Roses

They come from Bourbon roses, but unlike Bourbon roses, they are much less vigorous and more re-blooming. Bushes are born with a vertical and compact development, with semi-double or double flowers that appear copiously in summer and autumn, or arranged alone and in groups of 3.

It is also recommended to plant them in terraces and borders.

There is a list of 56 Portland type Roses.

Perpetual Hybrid Roses

They are vigorous bushes, which also have numerous ramifications and double flowers that are born alone or in groups of 2 or 3, with olive green leaves.

There are nearly two thousand varieties that bear flowers of many vivid colors.

Rosal Noisettianos

They are climbing climbing roses, which need a protected place to develop. They have large bouquets of flowers that appear in the summer-autumn season, with a characteristic slightly spicy aroma.

They should be placed on walls facing south or west andthere is a list of 243 varieties.

Types of Modern Rose Bushes

Let us now see some modern Rosales.


These rose bushes are characterized by having their flowers grouped together and in the same format, but slightly smaller in size, arranged in a corymb like the Hybrid Tea and Floribunda rose bushes, respectively.

During the first year of cultivation they develop quite a bit and can reach almost two meters in height. They are so vigorous that they can be planted without the help of a stake.

They are considered the most modern rose bushes because their orange and red tones are fabulous and the duration of the flowers and their way of going up, as well as the texture of their petals are sensational.

There are 289 recognized varieties of Grandifloras globally.

Tea Hybrids

From the group of modern Roses they are the most popular and numerous. It is the most common rose that we appreciate everywhere.

A low bush develops, 0.5 to 1 meter tall. Produces large roses amongsummer and autumn, which can bloom throughout the year.

Its leaves can be alternate, compound, of odd numbers, with oval and serrated leaflets, ranging in shades from light green to greyish.

The floral show comes in many colors, producing solitary roses from white, to pink, red, and yellow, in long, elegant buds formed at the tips of the branches.

It is very good forform groups of rose bushes in a garden of the same colorand to cut it and make flower arrangements.

There are thousands of varieties currently created especially for cutting.

Dwarf or miniature rosebush

They are small rosebushes, about 30 to 40 cm tall, with bouquets generally formed from 3 to 11 simple to fully double flowers. Its leaves are also small and there are many varieties.

They are produced in the summer-autumn period and are ideal for placing them in rockeries, borders and small spaces, but they are better placed in pots and window boxes where they can exhibit their multiple flowers.

Ground cover rosebush or rosebush

They are a variety of spectacular beauty because they grow at ground level, spreading the intense color of their small flowers, generally arranged in clusters of three to eleven flowers.

Its time of splendor occurs in the summer-autumn period, worse they give only one flowering per year.

They can be planted on slopes or on walls so that they stand out and embellish the entire environment.

There are about 289 varieties.

Sarmentose Roses

They are included in the category of Climbers, with lax stems, they appear mainly in the summer or in groups that range from three to twenty simple or double flowers.

As a good climber, this plant is recommended for walls, fences and pergolas.

Bush or Park Roses

Although the specialists consider that they are the most similar to the old rose bushes, they belong to the group of modern Roses.

They produce very large plants or bushes, ranging from 1 to 2.5 meters, with the same diameter. They bloom at least twice a year and have double flowers, arranged solitary or also growing in clusters, during the summer and/or autumn.

Likewise, we can see them alone in a garden or associated with other bushes that are not rose bushes.

There is an extensive list of 1892 bushes of this variety in the world.

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