Gardening

How to plant chives

Allium tuberosum

Chinese chives, also known as Chinese chives, Japanese chives and nirá (a Japanese word for the plant), is a plant originally from Asia, widely used as a spice in the cuisine of countries in the Far East. Its leaves are flat, not cylindrical and hollow like the leaves of green onions and chives. Its flavor and aroma slightly resemble the taste and aroma of garlic.

Climate

Chinese chives grow best in mild weather, ideally temperatures around 20 ° C, but can grow well at lower temperatures. In places of harsh winter the leaves dry, with the plant sprouting again in the spring. In mild winter locations, the plant produces year-round.

Brightness

This plant grows best in direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.

Ground

Cultivate in well-drained, fertile soil and rich in organic matter. Chinese chives are a very rustic plant and tolerate several types of soil and a wide range of soil pH.

Irrigation

Irrigate frequently so that the soil is kept moist, but without being soaked. In the first year of cultivation, after the plants are established, it is recommended that the irrigations are sparse so that the plants deepen their roots in the soil.

Planting

Chinese chives can be grown through seeds or by dividing well-developed plants.

The seeds can be sown directly in the final place or in sowing, transplanting the seedlings when they become large enough to be handled. The seeds germinate in a week or two.

Well-developed plants can be divided to propagate the plants. This is the preferred method of planting for those who already have healthy plants with a few years to live.

The spacing between the plants can be 7 to 20 cm, varying with the size of the planted cultivar. Cultivars can be 25 cm to 70 cm tall.

Chinese chives can also be grown in medium or large planters and pots

Cultivation

Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.

Chinese chives spread easily, so this plant is an invader in several regions of the world. Some care is needed to prevent the plant from spreading to other locations than your planting area, as it can be an invasive herb that is very difficult to eradicate. Pick the flowers, which are edible, not allowing them to generate seeds, unless you really need these seeds.

This chive is a perennial plant that remains productive for many years or even decades. However, it may be necessary to divide and replant the plants after a few years.

Harvest

Usually the leaves of the Chinese chives are not harvested in the first year of cultivation, in order to allow the plants to grow better and store nutrients in their rhizomes before starting to harvest.

Harvest the leaves when necessary or harvest the leaves that exceed 15 cm in length, but always leaving some well-developed leaves on the plants. The leaves need to be used soon, as they last a few days.

Leaves and flowers and their stems can be harvested and used as a spice.

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