Gardening

Plant a Laurel: [Dates, Soil, Irrigation, Pests and Diseases]

Important points to Plant a Laurel:

Did you know that in ancient Rome bay leaves were a symbol of glory, power and fame?

Bay leaves not only have an interesting historical component, but are also used as aromatic plants or given culinary use.

If you are looking for a simple and undemanding crop,laurel is one of the best alternatives.

In this article we tell you how to do it in the simplest way.

What do we need to plant laurel?

When should it be sown?

The best way to plant laurel is through cuttings. plant them preferablyduring spring or early summer.

Where?

It should be exposed to a moderate amount of light to prevent it from drying out easily. This, particularly, during the summer, when the sun is quite intense.

It is recommendedthat they receive between 4 and 6 hours of light a dayand a bit of shade in the evening.

They are not tolerant to low temperatures.

The ideal temperature is between 15 and 30 ºC constant.

How often should it be watered?

It is a plant that does not need much watering. In fact, it is preferable that the risks are scarce than that we exceed ourselves with the water. Excess moisture encourages the growth of fungi that are harmful to the plant.

It adapts very well to the lack of moisture in the soil thanks to its deep root system.

In a pot it requires more constant watering. Likewise, during the warmer seasons.

Try to keep the surface layer of the earth always moist and that will be enough.

How do we prepare the land?

It adapts well to different types of soils, although they prefer deep ones, with good drainage and a good supply of organic matter.

For cultivation in a pot we must use a pot with a minimum depth of 50 cm and a diameter of 60.

Optimum pH is between 5.0 and 7.0

How to plant laurel step by step

Get laurel cuttings to plant.

Cut a laurel branch of approximately 1 cm and place it in a glass of water. Within a few days, roots will begin to emerge. When these reach an acceptable length, you can plant it in your pot or garden.

Clear the ground

Extract weeds and remains of previous crops and all kinds of residues to ensure that your laurel receives the adequate amount of nutrients.

All plants must be pulled out by the roots to prevent them from growing back.

prepare the ground

Moisten the soil before planting. This will facilitate the root development of the cuttings. Likewise, if you decide to sow seeds, the moisture in the soil will prevent the seed from moving easily.

Fertilize the soil. Spread a layer of humus over the soil.

Put the cutting in the ground

Bury it 5 cm deep, ensuring that the soil is flush.

If you sow seeds, bury them to a maximum depth of 3 centimeters and cover them lightly.

If you plant outdoors, try to keep a separation distance of between 15 and 30 centimeters between each plant.

water often

Make sure that the soil is always moist, but without producing puddles.

Fertilize frequently

Add compost once, during the spring.

If you prefer, you can also feed your plant with worm castings to make sure it has the necessary nutrients.

Prune your plants regularly

Although not strictly necessary, pruning will help shape the plant, as well as contain its size and remove dry branches.

Protect your plant and give it good maintenance

Check your plants regularly; this to prevent them from contracting pests and other diseases. If you like, you can apply a fungicide spray to counteract mold.

You can also put up a chain link mesh to protect the plants while they are growing.

To know more, you can see: Laurel cuttings.

How to harvest laurel

The leaves are used for cooking and can be harvested at any time once the tree is established.

Cut fresh branches to use directly. Never harvest more than 1/3 of the leaves at a time.

It is better to pick them early in the morning to preserve their aromatic flavor.

Laurel pests and diseases

Some of the most common pests and diseases that affect laurel are:

aphid

To combat the aphid, potassium soap can be applied to the underside of the plants.

If the plague persists or is very abundant, we will also apply neem extract.

Red spider

The red spider appears mainly when there are high temperatures with low humidity and/or excess nitrogen in the farmland. To combat it, it is recommended to water the laurel at night by sprinkling to maintain humidity, and to use natural insecticides.

Mealybugs

It is one of the most difficult pests to control since its body is covered with white waxy excrescences, chemical treatments are not very successful.

However, biological control can be done through natural enemies, such as Cryptolaemus montrouzeri, a predator of this type of insect. The release is done 15 days after any treatment, periodically in spring or early summer.

powdery mildew

It is best to install a drip irrigation system and apply horsetail as prevention.

It also works to eliminate weeds and crop residues, as well as favor the ventilation of the crop.

anthracnose

It is a disease of plants in very moist substrates. It causes spots on the leaves and necrosis on the stems, which often lead to wilting and death of the tissues.

To prevent it, it is recommended to install a drip irrigation system and apply horsetail. As well as favoring the good ventilation of the plants.

Mildew

To combat it, it is recommended to eliminate weeds and crop debris.Likewise, excess humidity should be avoided, ventilating the crop.

Horsetail extract or dusted sulfur can also be applied.

Where can I buy this tree?

We always recommend going to a nursery in the town where you live. This way you can be advised by professionals.

In case you don’t have one, you can also buy a laurel on Amazon:

LAUREL aromatic shrub of small size (2)

  • Laurel (laurees nobilis) – laurel of small size
  • Shipping in each wooden with ventilation. The little tree is shipped with hydrogel in its roots that guarantees hydration…
  • Evergreen tree. Aromatic leaf used as a culinary seasoning
  • Box dimension: 13 (width) x 12 (depth) x 47 (height) cm

€15.40 View on Amazon Prices with VAT without transport

Last updated on 2022-07-31 / Affiliate Links / Affiliate API Images

How long does the laurel live?

The laurel has a life time that exceeds 20 years, being easy to reproduce new leaves as they are pruned.

How long does it take to grow laurel?

It grows during the first 15 years of life when it will already establish an adult tree size.

How long does it take to produce fruit?

Between 5 and 10 years, the laurel will already be fully capable of producing its first fruits.

Can it be grown in a pot?

It is a plant that accepts potted planting very well, thus allowing its leaves to be used for home purposes.

How many times does the laurel produce fruit?

It flowers and bears fruit only once a year, being possible to collect the fruits during the autumn.

Should bay laurel be pollinated to obtain fruit?

Yes, it should be pollinated. This process is carried out with the support of insects that approach the tree attracted by its flowers.

How cold can laurel tolerate?

It tolerates cold climates with frosts that reach -16° C.

How many laurels can be planted per hectare?

It is estimated that laurel production can be established at a rate of 200 plant specimens per hectare.

What kind of fertilizer does laurel need?

It is established that the fertilization work must proceed with liquid products that have a high level of nitrogen in their composition.

How much heat and/or drought can laurel tolerate?

It is heat resistant. In fact, its own place of cultivation is in Mediterranean climates and the maximum optimal temperature is 30 ° C, being able to withstand more.

It is not considered suitable for it to be subjected to dry land, so in spring and summer it must be watered but without flooding.

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