Gardening

What Plants to Grow in the Garden | Types of crops for gardens

What kinds of plants can be grown in a home garden? If you have decided to grow plants to eat or other  useful crops and want to start a garden in a patio or in the home garden, this is possibly one of the first questions that may arise.

As in any new project, the first thing is to plan how and when we are going to do things. Planning the garden is essential so that later there are no more surprises than the inevitable ones …

To plan the garden, the first thing is to know what kinds of plants can be grown. What are the best crops in the garden? And the easiest to get ahead? What are the beneficial plants in the garden? Let’s see it!

Types of plants for the garden What can be planted?

What plants can be grown in a garden? What are the horticultural crops?

Horticultural crops are so called because they are those that are grown in “gardens.” Many times we identify as garden plants only vegetables and greens, but there are many other plants that can be grown in a garden in addition to these.

Next we will see what are the vegetables to plant in a garden and also other types of garden plants that can be sown to take advantage of their benefits, such as flowering or aromatic plants.

1. Types of vegetables or most typical plants of the garden

Although the division of “vegetables” has no botanical basis, it is a popularly known group of plants that includes vegetables, legumes and fruits or roots of some herbaceous plants (tomatoes, cauliflower, carrot, pepper …).

Let’s see what are the main types of vegetables according to the botanical family to which they belong and some examples:

  • Liliaceae: garlic, onion, leek …
  • Crucifers: cabbage, cauliflower, radish, cabbage, red cabbage, broccoli …
  • Solanaceae: tomato, pepper, sweet potato, eggplant, potato …
  • Cucurbits: zucchini, pumpkin, melon, cucumber …
  • Compounds: artichoke, endive, endive, lettuce …
  • Legumes: broad beans, green beans, chickpeas, peas …
  • Quenopodiaceae: chard, spinach, beet …
  • Umbelliferae: celery, parsnip, fennel, parsley, carrot …

For more details on how to grow each of these vegetables or garden plants you can use the blog search engine to find the post dedicated to each plant, where you will find tips for growing it in the garden.

2. Aromatic plants

The aromatic are typical plants of the garden , a perfect supplement that provides many health benefits of other vegetables.

Aromatic plants are easy to grow (even in pots), they take up little space and are very useful in the kitchen. In addition, these herbaceous plants have several benefits for the garden : they favor pollination, attract beneficial insects …

The aromatic plants for the garden that are most cultivated to ward off pests or attract beneficial insects are basil, lavender, mint or rosemary, but there are many others. You can see some examples of useful aromatics in the post Aromatic plants for the garden “.

3. Flowers in the garden

Tajetes, nasturtiums or marigolds are some of them, but there are many others. The flowers in the garden will give a touch of color to the space and also, like aromatic plants, they have many benefits for the development of the rest of the plants in the garden .

In the post about useful flowers in the garden we saw what were the advantages of having flowers next to the garden plants and what flowers to plant to attract beneficial insects or keep pests away.

The flowering plants will not only serve to attract pollinators and improve the aesthetics of the garden, there are also several types of edible flowers with which to decorate your dishes will be able to make delicious dishes or salads.

4. Hedges and other beneficial plants for the garden

The hedges, in addition to delimiting the garden or the different sections and giving a touch of style to our garden, help to maintain biodiversity, act as a barrier to pests and can attract beneficial insects

In addition, if you make hedges with bushes of wild fruits, such as blackberries or blueberries , you can make delicious jams or preserves with them, or have small freshly picked fruits to eat fresh.

There are other types of plants for orchards, though not grown to eat, they can be very useful for the health of the garden, like the horsetail  and nettles (for natural make preparations repellents pests and diseases), or sorrel and the calendula (used as a plant “trap” to lure aphid and then to capture and eliminate the plague.

If you want to know more about hedges in the garden and its benefits, I leave you this link to a post I wrote about this.

5. Plants for green manures

In this case, the plants are grown not to be eaten by us but to serve as “food” or compost for other plants in the garden. Small, fast and easy-growing plants with a high content of nutrients , such as clovers, alfalfa, mustard, are usually grown as green manures. Legumes, grasses or crucifers are usually the green manures most used to sow in the garden and serve as fertilizer to others. horticultural plants.

In addition to being a cheap way to fertilize , green manures also have other benefits such as weed control or conservation of soil moisture and temperature . In the post   « 3 Interesting green fertilizers for the Orchard and Fruit Trees «  we saw some examples of this type of plant.

I hope this guide or summary on the plants that can be grown in the garden has been useful to you. If you liked it, you can rate with the stars, share on social networks or leave your comments or contributions on the subject in the comments below. Until next time!

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