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Citrus cultivation

The cultivation of citrus fruits. The climate

The ideal climate for the cultivation of citrus fruits Although there are some small differences in adaptability to different climates by the various types of citrus fruits, in most cases it has been found that the average temperature necessary for the cultivation of citrus fruits is 14 ° C for all year round, 22 ° C for summer and 10 ° C for winter. It is no coincidence that industrial citrus crops are mainly located in areas with a subtropical climate and more or less close to the sea. The climatic “friends” for a good cultivation of citrus fruits are occasional but infrequent rains (it seems that rainwater has a greater presence of fertilizing substances than irrigation water) and a modest but not excessive humidity. On the contrary, the “enemies”

The cultivation of citrus fruits. The water


The ideal water for the cultivation of citrus fruits As for any living being, even for a citrus grove it is important to be able to count on the water factor not only from a quantitative point of view but also from a qualitative one. In the first case, in fact, a large and long (even very long) cultivation of citrus fruits requires first of all a good quantity of water available all year round and especially in the hottest months (from May to October, in the Mediterranean countries), whether it is rainwater or irrigation water. As for the quality of the water, the cultivation of citrus fruits needs some substances present in it, in particular the right presence of sodium chloride (max 0.5 gr per liter) and magnesium (max 0.05 gr per liter).

The cultivation of citrus fruits. The soil


The physical-chemical characteristics of the soil for the cultivation of citrus fruits The importance of the characteristics of the soil for the cultivation of citrus fruits is so great that the quality of the product depends on its nature, from the tree to its fruit. One of the first qualities of the soil should be “permeability”, that is its ability to be crossed by water and air and also by the roots of plants, as occurs in sandy soils. In fact, the best lands for the cultivation of citrus fruits should be composed of 50% of coarse sand and then of clay and limestone without, however, the latter exceeding respectively 20% and 40% of the total. In any case, it must be a “medium” permeability, rather than too much (= the

Citrus cultivation: The cultivation of citrus fruits. Geographical situation of the citrus grove


The geographical situation of the soil for the cultivation of citrus fruits The cultivation of citrus fruits is an operation that goes beyond “simple” cultivation as other activities are also necessary, to be carried out throughout the year (and over the years), from irrigation to various maintenance operations. Therefore, the citrus grove should be located in a place easily accessible by means of transport both for the “convenience” of the farmers who will take care of it from time to time, and for the transport of the finished product, when it comes to quintals or even tons of citrus fruit to be transferred along a road, a railway line or a port of shipment. Even the “slope”

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